- Mobility Data
- Data used by any mobility technology component to execute its core functions.
- The ability for any mobility technology component to exchange data in an open standard or schema with other components in that mobility technology system.
- Mobility Service Provider
- Any organization that transports people or directly facilitates transport (e.g. a public transportation agency, a private tour bus, vehicle share, rideshare, or a non-emergency medical transportation (NEMT) company).
- Mobility Technology Component
Any hardware or software component that is used to:
- Plan journeys (e.g. journey planning applications),
- Provide mobility data to travelers (e.g. travel alerts, arrival predictions, LED signage, public address systems),
- Conduct transactions between mobility providers and travelers (e.g. reservation requests, ticketing, payments, stop request buttons)
- Facilitate the duties of drivers, operators or other on-board staff (e.g. communications hardware or software, Mobile Data Terminals, tablets, driver interface software),
- Facilitate the duties of dispatch, supervisory, or scheduling staff (e.g. scheduling software, CAD/AVL software, SCADA, APC), and
- Manage the mobility system (e.g. performance reporting, shift selection, non-revenue schedules), and
- Collect and/or compute traveler feedback (e.g. crowdsourcing of incidents, accidents, delays, on-board crowd levels, comfort, condition of stops and/or vehicles).
- Mobility Technology System
- An assemblage of mobility technology components whose functionality is dependent on another component.
- Transportation Technology Company
- Any organization that provides a Mobility Technology Component to a Transit Agency or a Mobility Service Provider.
- Transportation System Manager
Any organization that:
- Coordinates the service of multiple transit agencies or other mobility service providers (e.g. some MPOs, local governments, regional transit providers or state DOTs),
- Procures or regulates the services of a third-party mobility service provider (e.g. a local city contracting with a micro-mobility service),
- Maintains (or funds the maintenance of) physical infrastructure used by transit agencies or other mobility service providers to transport people (e.g. local, state or federal departments of transportation), or
- Receives legally mandated reports from transit providers in order to maintain service quality, safety, and efficiency (e.g. utilities oversight bodies, safety boards, or other government or nonprofit bodies).
- Open Standard
A specific ontology, schema, or format used by the mobility industry in order to facilitate the consistent communication of information between devices which is:
- Free from cost and restrictions to use,
- Publicly documented in its entirety,
- Actively maintained by an independent organization whose business interests are not actually - and would not reasonably give the appearance of being potentially - impacted by the contents of the standard,
- Contains structured releases, versions, or changelogs, and
- Has an open community of contributors and users, and transparent, inclusive governance.
Examples include the General Transit Feed Specification (GTFS), Mobility Data Specification (MDS), and General Bikeshare Feed Specification (GBFS).
- Proposed Open Standard
Any specific ontology, schema, or format that:
- Meets all the criteria of an open standard,
- Has been transitioned to maintenance by an independent organization,
- Has at least one stable release as determined by the maintaining independent organization, and
- Has not met the standards for adoption as determined by the maintaining independent organization.
- Open Standard Compatibility
- Refers to the ability of a mobility technology component to publish valid open standards with data stored or handled by the components and to ingest valid open standards.
- Published Data
- Data that is available either at a permalink or via a documented application programming interface (API), access to which may require automatically-generated API keys.
- Programmatic Access
- A method of accessing information in which computer programs are permitted to exchange information and commands rather than requiring human intervention (e.g. APIs, webhooks, and direct database access).
- Fully Capable Programmatic Access
- The ability of transit agencies, other mobility service providers, and mobility technology components to perform by means of programmatic access any actions that human users can perform by means of a graphical user interface.
- Documented Data Formats
- A format that:
- Is documented in its entirety on a public webpage in human-readable form
- Is documented in a language-neutral machine-readable format at a permalink in a format applicable to the following categories of schemas:
- API: OpenAPI
- Tabular data schemas(i.e. csvs): frictionless data table, data resource or data package
- Tagged data schemas: json-schema, or XML schema definition
- Uses structured releases, versions, or changelogs.